Em países com instituições ruins, o boom do petróleo aumenta os incentivos para cursar direito, administração e humanas:
Christian Ebeke, Luc Désiré Omgba, Rachid Laajaj, Oil, governance and the (mis)allocation of talent in developing countries, Journal of Development Economics, Volume 114, May 2015, Pages 126-141, ISSN 0304-3878, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jdeveco.2014.12.004.
Abstract: This paper sheds light on the relationship between oil rent and the allocation of talent, toward rent-seeking versus more productive activities, conditional on the quality of institutions. Using a sample of 69 developing countries, we demonstrate that oil resources orient university students toward specializations that provide better future access to rents when institutions are weak. The results are robust to various specifications, datasets on governance quality and estimation methods. Oil affects the demand for each profession through a technological effect, indicating complementarity between oil and engineering, manufacturing and construction; however, it also increases the ‘size of the cake’. Therefore, when institutions are weak, oil increases the incentive to opt for professions with better access to rents (law, business, and the social sciences), rather than careers in engineering, creating a deviation from the optimal allocation between the two types of specialization. Keywords: Oil rent; Governance; Rent-seeking; Tertiary educationTalvez seja uma mera coincidência sem qualquer significado, mas acabo de ler essa notícia da Petrobras.